The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. The year and date that the Battle of Germantown took place on Saturday, October 04, 1777. Washington set his plan into motion on the night of October 3. Another 400 Americans were captured. How Well Do You Know the Revolutionary War? On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. Approximately 100 British soldiers took refuge in Cliveden, a large stone mansion, while the British withdrew. Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. 372 Battle of Germantown. The Battle of Germantown was fought on 4 October 1777 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, which is now a neighborhood of Northwest Philadelphia.The battle occurred when George Washington led an army of 11,000 Continental Army troops to attack William Howe's divided army of 9,000 British and Hessian troops as it split … Unfortunately, one of Greene’s brigades, under General Adam Stephen, also became lost in the fog, mistook Wayne’s men for the British, and opened fire. Reference Maps on the American Revolution 1775-1783. Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. The Majority of our funds go directly to Preservation and Education. General John Sullivan would attack with the main force while General Nathanael Greene attacked on the flank. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. Taffe, Stephen R. The Philadelphia Campaign, 1777-1778. Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. Map of the British Colonies in North America 1763-1775 This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress. The Battle Of Germantown. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of Philadelphia, with 9,000 men, while other troops garrisoned the city and moved against American forts obstructing the Delaware River. In the early fall of 1777, events did not fare well for George Washington’s army in Pennsylvania. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. The Battle of Germantown. Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. The Battle of Germantown took place during the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolution (1775-1783). 372 Battle of Germantown. Howe marched his army to Germantown on September 25 th, about 6 miles northwest of Philadelphia along the Schuylkill River. Howe's losses included 70 killed and 451 wounded. Generals John Sullivan and Nathanael Greene would strike Howe's left and right center, respectively, with Continental troops, while two militia detachments attacked both flanks. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. Luckily, the darkness at night and the army's weaponry helped them retreat from Germantown. The British were so shocked to find a large force of American soldiers that some were cut off from the main body; 120 men under British Colonel Musgrave took shelter in the large stone house of Chief Justice Benjamin Chew, known as Cliveden. Battle of Germantown. Artwork by Rick Reeves. The Americans planned a four pronged attack. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Preserve 108 Acres of the Most Important Unprotected Battlefield Land, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Overview of the American Revolutionary War. The Battle of Germantown was yet another British victory with staggering consequences for the Continental Army: 700 men were killed, and 400 were captured. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. Defeats at Brandywine and Paoli enabled William Howe’s forces to occupy Philadelphia unopposed on September 26. Though the outcome is … Luckily, Greene’s column arrived in time to engage the British before they could rout Wayne. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. Ward, Christopher. He was replaced by Marquis de Lafayette. Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown… Germantown in Pennsylvania is part of the city of Philadelphia today but in 1777 it was an outlying community. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. of History. The Americans set out on a march to Germantown on the 3rd October; this march was to be 16 miles and took place over the darkness … Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. This action diverted troops from Sullivan's main advance and also from Greene's, as some of his soldiers joined the assault. The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War.It was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, between the British Army led by Sir William Howe, and the American Continental Army, with the 2nd Canadian Regiment, under George Washington.. … The Battle of Germantown In early October, Washington conceived a bold plan of attack on Howe's 9,000 troop garrison stationed in Germantown. For men ill shod and ill equipped, and already fatigued from weeks of marching and countermarching, it was a long and arduous night traversing rough roads in complete darkness. The British suffered more than 500 casualties of their own. An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. Still, the British were greatly surprised that an opponent whom they believed was beaten could launch such a fierce attack. Need help with homework? The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War.It was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania, between the British Army led by Sir William Howe, and the American Continental Army, with the 2nd Canadian Regiment, under George Washington.. After defeating the Continental Army at the Battle … Sullivan’s column was the first to make contact, driving back the British pickets on Mount Airy. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. Created by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782, the painting vividly and accurately depicts the 1777 Battle of Germantown, part of the Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The American retreat was also aided by the onset of darkness. A minor result from the battle was the dismissal of General Stephen who was drunk during the battle. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. October 3, 2020 - Full and probationary members of the British Brigade and Continental Line are invited to participate in the annual … Bibliography:McGuire, Thomas J. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. Please consider making a gift today to help raise the $170,000 we need to preserve this piece of American history forever. Open 365 days a year, Mount Vernon is located just 15 miles south of Washington DC. Fought less than a month after the British victory at the Battle of the Brandywine (September 11), the Battle of Germantown took place on October 4, 1777, outside the city of Philadelphia. Here the Americans are … Other American troops retreated when they heard the heavy firing towards the rear, fearing that they were encircled. Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.Kutztown University. Tell a Friend Print Event Description. After dusk on October 3, the American army began the 16 miles (26 km) march south toward Germantown in complete darkness. A late-comer to this list of folklore heroes was Hans Boyer, the supposed assailant of Gen. James Agnew at the battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. The Philadelphia Campaign: Germantown and the Roads to Valley Forge. After taking the American capital, British General Sir William Howe positioned two brigades under General James Grant and a contingent of Hessians troops commanded by General Wilhelm von Kynphausen in Germantown. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. Contents. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington.The British victory in this battle ensured that Philadelphia, the … HOME - HISTORY MAPS - Battle of GERMANTOWN 1777. On the opposite end of the field 1,500 New Jersey and Maryland militiamen arrived too late to participate in any major fighting. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. Voice over is text-to-speech version of script of the events of that foggy morning on October 4, 1777. Map of the United States: Battle Sites 1689-1945. Germantown’s pride in its Revolutionary past was reinforced by a specious tale involving John D. Rockefeller, who invested millions to recreate an 18th-century town in Williamsburg, Virginia. A heavy morning fog disoriented the American assault columns and led to a friendly fire incident between elements of Major General John Sullivan's right colum… Agnew was not a major player in the battle, arriving on the scene towards the end of the day’s confused and intense fighting, but he was a British general nonetheless. As a result, the attack failed, and the American troops were forced to withdraw.. The Battle of Germantown, was fought on October 4, 1777, between the American army led by George Washington British Army and the British who fought under Sir William Howe.. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. To make matters worse, Sullivan’s men were also beginning to run low on ammunition, causing their fire to slacken. battle of germantown. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. Greene, delayed on the long march, opened his attack about an hour later and captured part of the British camp in heavy fighting. Here is his entry on page 23. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. This painting depicts a scene from the Battle of Germantown, fought on October 4, 1777. On the evening of October 3rd, the Continental Army began a 16-mile march toward Germantown with a force of 11,000 men. They held off the attack and inflicted around 1000 casualties on the Americans while only suffering around 500 themselves. Discover the Home of George and Martha Washington. This page was last changed on 23 August 2018, at 08:08. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Overnight and through the early morning hours of October 4, 1777, as many as twelve thousand American soldiers moved South towards Germantown by several different routes. Washington reinforced to 11,000 troops and decided to attack using a plan similar to the one that he employed at Trenton in December 1776. He received that opportunity a week later when British General William Howe divided his army. Niderost, Eric. Reinforced from Philadelphia, Howe pursued Washington for nearly eight miles before halting. The British pickets resisted American advance and fired their guns in alarm. With victory seemingly in sight, however, the American attack unraveled. In an open space in … Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). British General William Howe had divided his forces between Philadelphia and nearby Germantown. While the Americans were still searching for their big victory, … The loss was devastating for the Americans and proved to be a decisive victory for the British because it came after … Battle of Germantown. The British won the battle. On the far right flank, John Armstrong's Pennsylvanians held a Hessian detachment in place but did little more. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. As the attack was to occur before dawn, the soldiers were instructed to put a piece of white paper on their hat to identify friend from foe.The Americans were not detected b… Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. After Howe had occupied Philadelphia, Washington attacked British troops at Germantown. To regain the initiative, Washington and his lieutenants plotted a bold strike against the primary British camp at Germantown… A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. A thick fog clouded the battlefield throughout the day. Howe had stationed two British brigades in the village, commanded by General James Grant, … Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. British casualties were estimated to be 71 killed, 450 … 3200 Mount Vernon Memorial HighwayMount Vernon, Virginia 22121. Background; British positions After an initial advance, the American reserve allowed itself to be diverted by 120 English soldiers holding out in the Benjamin Chew House. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. © 2021 Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. As dawn approached o… Only the steadfastness of Greene’s and Wayne’s men and the American artillery prevented a disaster. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. Despite the British victory, many Europeans, especially the French, were impressed by the continued determination of the Continental Army. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Visit the Schedule of Events for more information. Facts about the Battle of Germantown. Sullivan wisely bypassed the structure and continued his advance over a mile, driving the British from a series of fenced yards in the town. Online Resources: List of Battles of the Revolutionary War; Battles of the American Revolution; American Battlefield Trust – Germantown; West Point – Table of … General John Sullivan leading troops at the Battle of Brandywine fought prior to Battle of Germantown. Spend the day with us! It called for the simultaneous advance of four different units of troops — moving by night. The battlefield … Historian Sir George Trevelyan describes the action around Cliveden house, an island of resistance at the center of the American offensive: Three American cannon were immediately run forward and blew in the hall-door at the first discharge. The morale of the soldiers was boosted by the attack. Washington’s Army lost roughly 700 men killed and wounded. The Battle of Germantown was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought during the Philadelphia Campaign. Howe encamped at Germantown, Pennsylvania, seven miles northeast of … Add to Google Calendar. United States, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 6401 Germantown Ave - Cliveden. "Victory Denied by the Fog of War." For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. However, the victory provided few strategic gains for the British and the valiant effort of the Continental Army proved that the rebels could take on the full brunt of the British Army and survive, bolstering their confidence to fight another day. This fortified position would prove a thorn in the Americans’ side for the remainder of the battle, with numerous assaults being repulsed with heavy casualties. The British won the battle. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. 03 Oct. 2020 | 09:00 86 Day(s) Ago . Military Heritage 6 (February 2005): 46-55. Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washington’s setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. On the left, one of Sullivan’s divisions, commanded by General Anthony Wayne, became separated in the fog. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. BATTLE OF GERMANTOWN. The British and Hessian troops had set up camp on the high ground of Germantown with two small brigades camped in the market square for defence. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. Wayne’s men returned fire. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Battle of Germantown. Unfortunately for Washington, darkness and a heavy fog delayed the advance and cost him the element of surprise. In an open space in the centre was the Market house, Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major … The Battle of Brandywine, fought just outside of Philadelphia on September 11, 1777, resulted in an overarching British victory and the conquest of the rebel seat of government. Lawrence: The University Press of Kansas, 2003. The battle at Germantown swirls around the Chew House at the center of the battlefield. In addition, the militia columns failed to envelop Howe's flanks. After successfully entering the capital, British General William Howe divided his … Despite losing the battle, Germantown actually helped the Americans in winning the war. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. His battle plan called for an assault on Philadelphia from the Northwest, aimed straight through the center of Germantown. Donate today to help preserve the battlefields where George WashingtonWilliam Howe and thousands of others fought for the country. For the past 60 years, the image shown below has puzzled historians. For two hours a Continental brigade supported by cannons unsuccessfully tried to storm the mansion, suffering heavy losses. Researched and written by Mike Dickey Member of Skippack Historical Society. All Rights Reserved. Add to Google Calendar. Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. While the fighting around Cliveden raged on, Sullivan pushed his men towards the British center. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1952. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. All Rights Reserved. Created by Italian artist Xavier della Gatta in 1782, the painting vividly and accurately depicts the 1777 Battle of Germantown, part of the Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolutionary War. Our Digital Encyclopedia has all of the answers students and teachers need. Washington’s soldiers were told to put a piece of white paper in their hats so they could tell the difference between friend and foe. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. The morale of … Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September, the British had occupied Philadelphia, the American capital. Courtesy of the United States Military Academy Dept. Commanders:American: George WashingtonBritish: William Howe, American Casualties: Killed: 152Wounded: 521Captured: 438, British Casualties: Killed: 71Wounded: 448Missing: 14. Armies - American Forces was commanded by Gen. George Washington and consisted of about 11,000 Soldiers. George Washigton's decision to attack British positions around Philadelphia in the fall of 1777 was a bold one that reflected his inherent confidence and gambler's nature. Much like at Trenton, he divided his army so as to attack the British from multiple directions at dawn. It was fought on October 4, 1777 near Germantown, Pennsylvania. The Battle of Germantown was fought on October 4, 1777 in the Philadelphia suburb of Germantown, Pennsylvania between General William Howe's British forces and General Georg Washington's American forces. The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. The separation, combined with the lack of fire from their comrades and the commotion of the attack on Cliveden behind them, convinced Wayne’s men that they were cut off, causing them to withdraw. Following defeats at Brandywine, Paoli, and the British capture of Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, George Washington attempted to gain the initiative. The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. The Battle of Germantown, a battle in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War, was fought on October 4, 1777, at Germantown, Pennsylvania between the British Army led by Sir William Howe and the American army under George Washington. N the evening after the battle of Brandywine, General Howe sent a party to Wilmington, who seized in bed Mr. M'Kinlay, governor, of the state of Delaware, and took a shallop lying in the rivulet loaded with the rich effects of some of the inhabitants, together with the public records of the county, and other … The British won this battle thus … Around 5:30 in the morning, Sullivan's troops surprised Howe's advanced guard and forced it back towards Germantown in confusion as a dense fog blanketed the battlefield. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. The Mount Vernon Ladies Association has been maintaining the Mount Vernon Estate since they acquired it from the Washington family in 1858. The Battle of Germantown in October 1777 was Washington’s second defeat in a month and it caused many to question his leadership. The Washington Library is open to all researchers and scholars, by appointment only. The Battle of Germantown is reenacted there on the first Saturday of each October (except this year because of the pandemic). Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Although Howe received some intelligence of an impending attack, he did little to prepare in advance. Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". And scholars, by appointment only a plan similar to the full extent allowable under law. Fought on October 4, 1777 right and rear one that he at! The Americans ' most serious challenge was at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites and Cold Harbor — forever this because! Get an uninterrupted glimpse of 1777 was a decisive victory for the simultaneous advance of four different of! 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